When I think of Tiffen, my immediate thoughts turn to glass filters. However, Tiffen is also a player in the digital software filter market with its Dfx Filter suite. Tiffen Dfx 3 is the current version of this software, which comes in three variants:
- Photo Plug-in for Photoshop/Lightroom/Aperture
- Stand-alone version for photos (opens TIFF or JPEG files)
- Video/Film plug-in for Adobe Premiere/Final Cut Pro
I had the opportunity to test the photo version of Dfx 3 to see how it works and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses. For the most part, the Photo Plug-in and Stand-alone versions operate identically. The difference is that the plug-in version requires a host application while the stand-alone version works as an independent image editor. Let’s take a look at what this software has to offer and whether it would be a good addition to your digital bag of tricks. To see full-size screen shots, just click on any of the images in this article.
Interface and Controls
As with any new software, it will take you awhile to learn where all the tools are and how to find them. The Dfx interface is fairly straightforward and user customizable. Your image is previewed in the center of the window. The filter groups are displayed at the bottom of the screen, and their adjustment parameters are shown in a panel on the right. Many of the filters have numerous built-in variant presets to choose from, which can then be modified by the user using the Parameters panel. Depending on the effect filter you choose, the adjustment parameters range from simple (Levels) to highly complex (Color Correct). Some of these control sliders can be overwhelming at first, so I recommend testing new filters with their supplied presets first before trying to customize them.
On the left-hand side of the interface, you’ll see your filter effect layers. You can add multiple filters, each in its own layer. Every layer can have its own mask (more on this later), for the selective application of effects. Moreover, you can change blending modes from each layer, just like you would in Photoshop. By dragging the layers with your mouse, you can rearrange the layer order however you’d like.
Supplied Filter Effects
Dfx 3 offers the user 125 different filters (more than I could even attempt to describe here), grouped into the following categories:
- Film Lab (Includes film emulation, grain, and cross-processing effects)
- HFX Diffusion (Includes soft focus & diffusion filters)
- HFX Grads/Tints (graduated ND and color gel effects)
- Image (Includes a range of image adjustment tools, like levels, contrast, color temperature)
- Lens (blur & vignette effects, and more)
- Light (includes gobo effects, star filters, and reflector effects)
- Special Effects (stylizing filters like color infrared film, night vision, polarizing filter)
There is also a “Favorites” category that users can store their favorite presets in for quick access.
Selective Adjustments via Layer Masks
Many times you’ll want to be able to apply your effect to just certain parts of your image. That’s where Tiffen’s layer mask tool comes in very handy. Unlike most plug-ins, which only offer a brush tool, or require you to use Photoshop’s layer masks, masking tools are built right in to Dfx 3. Not only can you use traditional brushes within Dfx 3, but you can also take advantage of some pretty slick auto-masking options.
There are seven different mask-building tools in Dfx 3, but the “EZ Mask” feature is probably the most interesting. This tool creates a user-defined “smart mask” from simple paint brush strokes. All you need to do is 1) draw a line around the area you wish to protect (foreground tool) and then draw another line in areas you wish to designate as “unprotected.” With a little practice, the EZ Mask tool can generate fairly complex masks, even on challenging subjects like hair or feathers. You can also create auto masks from color selections, by drawing paths, and by using pre-defined (but user-modifiable) shapes, like gradients and spots. When you add a mask to your layer, you’ll see a thumbnail of that mask appear in the layer menu for the specified filter effect. One nice feature in Dfx is that you can add multiple masks to the same layer.
Upon first glance, I assumed that Dfx was a digital version of Tiffen’s physical glass/resin filters. Indeed, most of these filter effects are included as presets (Color grads, Warming, Strip Filters). However, there are some other interesting features of this software that set it apart from other “effects” plug-ins. For example, you’ll find sharpening filters, DeBand (cleans up digital banding artifacts) DeNoise (noise removal) and depth of field effects. You’ll also get a basic clone and healing brush tool hidden within the “Paint” filter. There’s even a Chromatic Aberration removal filter and unique lighting effects, like “gobos.”
The stand-alone version of Dfx 3 offers camera RAW support. I tested the software with my Nikon NEF files, which it opened with ease. However, there is no way to save the RAW adjustments into your file (or as a side-car), so anything you do will be “baked in” to the final TIFF/JPEG output.
Taken together, these features move Dfx 3 from a simple “effects” package to something much bigger than that. In fact, you could make the case for using Dfx in stand-alone mode as a full-blown image editor. If you don’t have a full-featured RAW converter, Dfx 3 will take your images a long way.
Tiffen’s Dfx 3 is a full-featured image editing suite designed for intermediate to advanced users. It contains a huge range of traditional glass filter and film/darkroom effects, as well as controls for basic image adjustments. Overall, I found many of the control sliders quite complex, but their complexity was offset by a tremendous number of useful filter presets. Because it uses built-in layers for stacking multiple effects and independent layer masks, users will be able to work with their images almost entirely within the Dfx environment. However, you’ll need to keep in mind that unless you use Dfx within Adobe Photoshop on a Smart Object layer, the effects you apply to your image are not reversible. You can, however, save your custom settings as presets (called “setups”) for one-click adjustments on other image files.
Is this software right for you? If you don’t have Photoshop, I’d say that Dfx 3 is an ideal plug-in either to Lightroom/Aperture or as a stand-alone editor. Unlike many plug-ins, which only let you apply a single effect at a time, Dfx 3’s layered approach will be a huge time-saver. If you do use Photoshop, I recommend using Smart Objects to preserve your filter effects in a non-destructive manner. Considering that you get access to a huge range of tools, from special effects to standard adjustments, Dfx 3 offers users quite a lot. Just be prepared to spend some time with the user manual and visit the Tiffen online tutorials, as the controls are not tremendously intuitive. Once you master the basic controls, you’ll find yourself able to produce a huge variety of image styles, from traditional color/b&w films to dream-like special effects.
- Huge number of filters (125) with tons of presets based on traditional Tiffen filters
- Built-in RAW converter in stand-alone product with support for most digital cameras, including DPX and Kodak Cineon formats
- Ability to add multiple effects in separate layers with different blending modes
- EZ Mask feature is quite powerful for making selective adjustments
- Effective as a stand-alone image editor, especially if you don’t have Photoshop
- Ability to save and share custom setups for later use
- Excellent image output quality
- Significant learning curve (but Tiffen provides a good user manual and online video tutorials with detailed filter descriptions)
- Control interface can be overwhelming; some filters have a dozen or more sliders
- Stand-alone product produces flattened TIFF files
- Clone/Repair tools are fairly rudimentary
- Original filenames are not preserved during save operations
- Slider movement was somewhat slow in some instances
- Would like to see better keyboard shortcuts for brush diameter/hardness settings
- Stand-alone version only saves files as TIFF/JPEG (no way to preserve layers)
Dfx 3 is available from Tiffen Software (15-day free trial download)
- Photo Plug-in version for Photoshop/Lightroom/Aperture: $229.99 (onsale currently for $199.99)
- Stand-alone version: $169.95
- Video Plug-in: $599.95
Full Disclosure: I received a complimentary copy of Dfx 3 for review purposes.
Author Update 12/7/2011: Added notes on RAW conversion.